ORCADIAN WILDLIFE, BIODIVERSITY & THE CLIMATE CHANGE EMERGENCY:
Running an international wildlife tour company requires careful thought regarding current and future carbon emissions and the present Climate Change Emergency. Arrival into the islands of Orkney at 59°N and some 725 miles north of London by road either means a long drive, at least one short haul flight and/or a ferry journey from the Scottish mainland. Our itineraries in Orkney also use internal ferry services to Hoy and Westray. In addition, Orcadian Wildlife runs tours to other destinations, including Europe (average return flights to our destinations emit 0.75t of CO2 per passenger) and further afield (average return flights to our destinations emit 4t of CO2 per passenger). Once our guests have arrived in Orkney or elsewhere from next year (2021), we want to ensure that this business is at least carbon-neutral, and would also wish our guests to be aware of how this business intends to reduce carbon emissions and take positive actions such that in the future it will be carbon-positive by 2021. Our sister business of Gerraquoy Organic Farm (Orcadian Wildlife’s base) also strives to become carbon positive and enhance biodiversity. As you can see below, there are also ways in which you can help us, especially as you choose your means of travel, and whether or not to offset your carbon footprint.
As a result of the past, current and planned actions below, Orcadian Wildlife will become Carbon-positive by 2021.
ORCADIAN WILDLIFE, GERRAQUOY ORGANIC FARM & THE PEEDIE HOUSE SELF-CATERING ARE ALREADY:
- A net exporter of 31,000 KW hours of renewable energy per annum through our two small Evance RS 9000 wind turbines thus saving the equivalent of about 8.8t of CO2 emissions per annum. We have invested over £60,000 to achieve this export. [Calculation: 31,500 X 0.28307 kg CO2]
- Our two wind turbines were installed in July 2011, and have generated around 248,000 KW hours of renewable electricity to date!
- Ensuring that all electricity used at both the Peedie House self-catering and Gerraquoy Organic Farm is certified 100% renewable and provided by goodenergy.co.uk. Annual usage by the farmhouse and self-catering is around 15,500 KW hours reducing our net export generating value to 4.4t of CO2 equivalent emissions per annum. All heating is by ground source heat pump, solar panels or infrared heaters and all powered by certified renewable energy.
- Providing a free-to-use Electric Vehicle charge point at the Peedie House self-catering.
- Using a zero-emission Renault Zoe electric vehicle for business and other purposes.
- Been given a Gold Award by for the Peedie House self-catering by Green Business for our environmental achievements and philosophy.
- Based at Gerraquoy Organic Farm, have created a 0.97 ha (2.4 acres) wildflower meadow on site which is used by the rare Great-yellow Bumblebee and many other invertebrates. We also plant an annual Wild Bird Crop which helps both invertebrates and birds throughout the year.
- Pleased that Gerraquoy Organic Farm is certified organic annually, and that no pesticides or inorganic fertilisers have been used on our small farm for 30 years.
FROM THE 2020 SEASON WE WILL:
- Invest £33,000 in a Nissan Evalia Combi 7-seat zero-emission electric vehicle as our main people-carrier around Orkney. The Energy Savings Trust estimate that this will save a minimum of about 2t of CO2 over a 6 year period compared to our existing diesel minibus (0.33t pa).
- Restrict international tour operations to a maximum number of 2 European destinations with return flights per annum; and 1 long haul ex-European destination with return flights per annum. At about 5.8t CO2 emissions per annum attributable to the owner and tour leader this is a considerable reduction on historic operations.
- Provide information through dedicated contracts to help our guests quantify carbon emissions caused by flights to our destinations, and encourage guests to purchase carbon offset options with their preferred airlines.
- Have planted 600 trees (Balfour Willow Salix x Balfourii and White Willow Salix alba in advance of the major tree-planting effort in 2021 (see below).
FROM THE 2021 SEASON WE WILL:
- Plant 1.38 ha (3.4 acres) at Gerraquoy Organic Farm with 3,000 native broad-leaved trees to help offset carbon emissions caused by Orcadian Wildlife. This will sequester over 3 tonnes of CO2 per annum and Orcadian Wildlife will become Carbon-positive by 2021.
- Our sister business will remove all cattle from Gerraquoy Organic Farm, and rely on seasonal grazing by neighbouring sheep for grassland and wildflower management. This will prevent the equivalent of around 9.2t of CO2 being released at Gerraquoy organic Farm each year by cattle.
- Further reduce CO2 flight emissions by the owner from an estimated 5.8t in 2020 to 4.6t in 2021.
- With renewable electricity generation (net 4.4t CO2 pa); tree-planting (3t CO2 pa); cattle removal (9.2t pa); and EV operation (0.3t CO2 pa) Orcadian Wildlife will be therefore become carbon-positive at the proposed levels of operation from 2021 onwards.
- Individual clients will continue to be advised of flight and travel impacts through dedicated contracts and encouraged to participate in our tree-planting initiative and offset their CO2.
ORCADIAN WILDLIFE & GERRAQUOY ORGANIC FARM HAVE INVESTED OVER £100,000 IN CARBON REDUCTION INTIATIVES IN THE LAST DECADE AND WILL BECOME CARBON POSITIVE BY 2021.
(NOTES: Data sources UK Government Greenhouse Gas Conversion Factors for Company Reporting, and the Energy Savings Trust. Data for ferries not currently available. Individual guest carbon footprints on tours and self-catering not calculated as tour start points are either Orkney or programme destinations. Owner data re flights and business reporting is included.)